Beginnings -- A Brief History
In 1976, the leading edge of the Baby Boom generation was just turning 30. That same year saw the introduction of the first personal computer, the Apple I -- an event that signaled the birth of a new economic system in which intellectual capital would eventually supplant industrial might as the dominant economic force. These milestones marked the beginning of a sea of change in higher education, though many (perhaps even most) within that system did not recognize it at the time.
Considered together, these phenomena suggested that the jobs that would make up the workforce of the future were only just beginning to be created or imagined. In order to fill those jobs, the bulk of the new workforce would require higher-level knowledge and skills than those needed in a manufacturing economy. At the same time, the largest-ever age cohort of the population, adult learners, would be going through the stages of life during which they would be most affected by the coming economic dislocation and would need advanced education to adapt to these changes.
It was in this historical context in 1976 that Dr. John Sperling, a Cambridge-educated economist and professor-turned-entrepreneur, founded University of Phoenix. Sperling anticipated the confluence of technological, economic, and demographic forces that would in a very short time herald the return of ever larger numbers of adult learners to formal higher education.
In the early 1970s, at San Jose State University in San Jose, California, Sperling and several associates conducted field-based research in adult education. The focus of the research was to explore teaching/learning systems for the delivery of educational programs and services to adult learners who wished to complete or further their education in ways that complemented both their experience and current professional responsibilities. At that time colleges and universities were organized primarily around serving the needs of the 18-22 year-old undergraduate student. That is not all surprising, given that the large majority of those enrolled were residential students of traditional college age, just out of high school. According to Sperling adult learners were invisible on the traditional campus and were treated as second-class citizens:
Other than holding classes at night (and many universities did not even do this), no efforts were made to accommodate their needs. No university offices or bookstores were open at night. Students had to leave work during the day to enroll, register for classes, buy books or consult with their instructors and advisors. Classes were held two or three nights per week and parking was at the periphery of a large campus. The consequence, according to Dr. Sperling was that most adult learners were unable to finish a four-year program in less than eight years, or a two-year program in less than four years (Tucker, 1996, p. 5).
Sperling’s research convinced him not only that these underserved learners were interested in furthering their educational goals, but also that this group differed from their more traditional counterparts in significant ways. He saw a growing need for institutions that were sensitive to and designed around the learning characteristics and life situations of a different kind of learner population. He suggested ways for institutions to pioneer new approaches to curricular and program design, teaching methods, and student services. These beliefs eventually resulted in the creation of University of Phoenix, and they continue to this day to inspire the University’s mission, purpose, and strategies. As an institution, University of Phoenix is unique in its single-minded commitment to the educational needs of non-traditional students, who in fact today make up the majority (73 percent) of all college enrollees. This focus informs the University’s teaching and learning model, approach to designing and providing student services, and academic and administrative structure. It also guides the institution as it plans and prepares to meet the needs of the next generation of learners.
Over the last three decades, the University of Phoenix has been cause-driven working to build an institution with the agility to address directly the shifting economic and academic challenges that many students face. Dr. Sperling's predictions concerning the the innovations higher education would be required to make have come to pass. Today 40 percent of all college students work at least part-time and approximately one quarter of all students have dependent children. The educational tenets set forth by Dr. Sperling in 1976 now apply to the majority of college students in the United States.
The University's growth over the last thirty years has been fueled by constant innovation, and ongoing efforts to improve the learning experience through advanced technology. The University has grown from a degree-completion institution serving an audience of mostly middle managers wishing to complete their education and excel in the workplace, to a comprehensive university serving students of all ages from the associate through the doctoral degree levels.
Ownership Information
University of Phoenix, Inc. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Apollo Group, Inc. (the “Parent”). The Parent’s voting stock (Class B Common Stock) is 100 percent held by management. The Parent has one class of non-voting stock (Class A Common Stock) which is publicly traded on the NASDAQ Stock Exchange under the symbol “APOL”. The Parent files quarterly and annual financial statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission and these are available to the general public. The University’s central administration offices are located in Phoenix, Arizona.
The Mission of University of Phoenix is to provide access to higher education opportunities that enable students to develop the knowledge and skills necessary to achieve their professional goals, improve the productivity of their organizations, and provide leadership and service to their communities.
1. To facilitate cognitive and affective student learning--knowledge, skills, and values -- and to promote use of that knowledge in the student's work place.
2. To develop competence in communication, critical thinking, collaboration, and information utilization, together with the commitment to lifelong learning for enhancement of students' opportunities for career success.
3. To provide instruction that bridges the gap between theory and practice through faculty members who bring to their classroom not only advanced academic preparation, but also the skills that come from the current practice of their professions.
4. To provide General Education and foundational instruction and services that prepare students to engage in a variety of university curricula.
5. To use technology to create effective modes and means of instruction that expand access to learning resources and that enhance collaboration and communication for improved student learning.
6. To assess student learning and use assessment data to improve the teaching/learning system, curriculum, instruction, learning resources, counseling and student services.
7. To be organized as a for-profit institution in order to foster a spirit of innovation that focuses on providing academic quality, service, excellence, and convenience to the working student.
8. To generate the financial resources necessary to support the University’s mission.
Accreditation and Affiliations
University of Phoenix is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and is a member of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (30 N. LaSalle St., Ste. 2400, Chicago IL 60602-2504; (312) 263-0456, (800) 621-7440). The Bachelor of Science in Nursing and Master of Science in Nursing programs are accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (One Dupont Circle, NW, Washington, DC 20036-1120; (202) 887-6791). The Associate of Arts in Business, Associate of Arts in Accounting, Bachelor of Science in Business, Master of Business Administration, Executive Master of Business Administration, Master of Management, Doctor of Management and Doctor of Business Administration programs are accredited by the Accreditation Council of Business Schools and Programs (
The University also maintains voluntary memberships with numerous educational organizations, including the American Council on Education, the Association of American Colleges, the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education, the American Association for Higher Education, National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, the Council for Adult and Experiential Learning, the College and University Personnel Association, the Arizona Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, the Independent Colleges and Universities of Arizona, the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, National League for Nursing, the National Board for Certified Counselors, the National Association for Foreign Student Admissions, Association of International Educators, the National Association of Veterans Program Administrators, the Service Members Opportunity College, and Defense Activity for Non–Traditional Support.
Academic Programs
Undergraduate and graduate programs at University of Phoenix are offered in business and management, nursing and health sciences, education, and information technology. Undergraduate students are required to complete general education requirements that are distributed across traditional liberal arts categories and interdisciplinary components. General Education requirements are described in greater detail in the Undergraduate Programs section of the catalog. Not all programs are offered at all campuses. Specific programs offered are listed later in this catalog.
Enrollment and Student Profile
As of the fiscal year ending August 31, 2006, University of Phoenix had an enrollment of over 260,000 students and had expanded to include 211 campuses and learning centers in 39 U.S. States as well as locations in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Alberta, British Columbia, and the Netherlands. Additionally, University of Phoenix offers degree programs globally through its online delivery system.
According to students responding to a registration survey, the average student is in his or her mid-thirties (33 for undergraduates and 36 for graduates) and has been employed full-time for about 13 years. Gender of entering students is approximately 63 percent female and 37 percent male. Approximately 44 percent of entering students reported belonging to an ethnic minority.
Currently, across University of Phoenix, approximately 46 percent of the students are seeking undergraduate business or management degrees and 11.3 percent are seeking graduate business or management degrees. Enrollments in other University of Phoenix degree programs include: 13.6 percent in health sciences and nursing, 8.4 percent in technology, 6 percent in education, 10.6 percent in social and behavioral sciences, and 2.3 percent in general studies.
University Library
The University of Phoenix Approach to Library Services
As busy working professionals, our students and faculty members know how difficult it can be to travel to a distant library and match their schedules to library building hours. To accommodate student and faculty needs, University of Phoenix offers its library services online. This online distribution of information is well suited to the needs of today's "knowledge workers" and offers a functional version of the types of information systems University of Phoenix students and faculty will be expected to use throughout their careers.
The core of our library web site is the University Library, a collection of databases available to all students and faculty at any time and from virtually any location where an Internet connection is available. In addition to our University Library, the library maintains selected links to other worthwhile sites on the web and provides user education and research assistance.
The online distribution of information is not only optimally matched to the needs of working professionals, but also allows for equitable sharing of library resources among students and faculty members at all University of Phoenix learning centers and in our distance education programs. Instead of encountering disparities in library resources between large and small learning centers and between on-campus and online students, University of Phoenix library patrons enjoy access to the same broad spectrum of resources regardless of where and how they attend class.
What is in the University Library?
Thousands of scholarly journals and periodicals holding millions of full-text articles relevant to each University of Phoenix degree program are contained in the University Library's resources. Financial reports on over 10,000 public companies and a variety of directories and other reference publications are also available. In addition, the University Library has a collection of multimedia available, including videos, images, and audio files, on a variety of topics. Many of the resources found in the University Library are commercial products held by the University through license agreements with content providers and are not accessible to the general public like web pages found through an Internet search engine.
Getting Started with the University Library
To get started using the University Library, students and faculty members should follow these steps:
This is the same website used to obtain course modules, grades, and other University of Phoenix resources and services.
After logging into the student and faculty website, select the "Library" tab and then the University Library link to enter the University Library.
Electronic Reserve Readings
In addition to the University Library resources for research by topic, library staff members also maintain Electronic Reserve Readings for individual courses. These pages provide direct links to articles relevant to the course curriculum. Links to Electronic Reserve Readings, when available, are listed on course pages within eCampus.
Additional Resources for Help
Ask a Librarian is a service found in the University Library that allows users to direct specific reference or research strategy questions to University Library staff.
Request a Specific Document is a service found in the University Library Web that allows users to request a document or book that is not available in the University Library. Specific timelines and rules apply to this service.
Complete Research Tutorial is a feature in the University Library that allows users to learn research skills by participating in an interactive web-based research activity.
Choose Resources by Subject on the homepage of the University Library website contains overviews of research recommendations for specific subject areas.
Search FAQs on the homepage of the University Library contains a searchable form to obtain answers to "Frequently Asked Questions" received by the library.
How to Contact the University Library
Technical Support 1-800-366-9693
International students and faculty can reach Tech Support at 1-602-387-2222. Callers should identify themselves as international students or faculty and give a call back number. Tech Support will call back to minimize phone charges.
Current Resources of the University Library
The following resources are listed as found in the University of Phoenix, Axia College, College for Financial Planning, Meritus University, and Western International University libraries. Universidad Latinoamericana and Universidad UNIACC library information is listed under the Recursos de la Biblioteca en Español heading.
General Resources
These resources are appropriate for all subjects and are configured to provide full-text articles.
EBSCOhost includes the full text of nearly 8,000 periodicals, including over 4,000 scholarly journals. This resource is appropriate for courses in all subjects.
Gale PowerSearch
Gale PowerSearchTM, formerly InfoTrac OneFile®, includes full text access to over 13,000 periodicals and more than 6,000 peer-reviewed journals, with historical coverage from 1980.
ProQuest® includes full text coverage of over 9,000 periodicals and over 4,000 peer-reviewed journals, including the Wall Street Journal and New York Times. Searches in ProQuest® can be limited to a particular publication type (newspapers or periodicals) depending on specific research needs. This resource is appropriate for courses in all subjects.
Specialized Resources
These resources provide overviews and articles on computer science, political and social interests, world business and current affairs, distance learning, history, health and wellness, and various specialized topics.
ABI/INFORM offers research materials focusing on business conditions, management techniques, business trends, management practice and theory through international and scholarly content.
ACM Digital Library
The ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) Digital Library contains over 69,000 full-text and conference proceedings related to all aspects of computer science. This resource is recommended for courses in information systems and technology.
American Health Line
American Health Line tracks the health care industry providing a daily news briefing on health care politics, policy, and business news at the state and national levels.
Best-In-Class Benchmarking Reports
Best-In-Class Benchmarking Reports provides over 140 benchmarking reports containing detailed analysis and findings from research studies probing topical business issues.
BioMed Central
BioMed Central provides research materials in the areas of science, technology and medicine through access to over 200 journals.
Business & Company Resource Center
Business & Company Resource Center is a comprehensive business database with content from periodicals, newsletters, directories, financial reports, and other authoritative sources. This database allows searching by company name, keywords, and other criteria. Tabbed results pages show different sources of information available for each company or subject covered in the database.
Business Source Complete
Business Source Complete contains full text journals in all disciplines of business, including marketing, management, accounting, finance, and economics. Additional content includes SWOT analyses, case studies, financial data, conference proceedings, investment research reports, industry reports, market research reports, and more. Search criteria include keywords, company names, industries, and markets.
CQ Electronic Library
CQ Electronic Library is a suite of reference products from Congressional Quarterly®. Contents include CQ Researcher, CQ Weekly, the Electronic Encyclopedia of American Government, the electronic version of the Washington Information Directory (eWID), the CQ Public Affairs Collection, CQ Insider, and the CQ Supreme Court Collection. This resource is recommended for courses in critical thinking, government, law, political science, and public affairs.
Datamonitor 360
Datamonitor 360 resulted from the merging of Business Insights and Marketline Business Information Center. This resource contains news articles, information on financial deals, opinion pieces, reports and briefs, company information, countries profiles and industry reports.
Demographics Now
Demographics Now provides detailed demographic data by various geographic criterion. is the premier online source for the analysis of world business and current affairs, providing authoritative insight and opinion on international news, world politics, business, finance, science, and technology, as well as overviews of cultural trends and industry, business and, country surveys. publishes all articles from The Economist print edition (including those printed only in British copies) plus a searchable archive of all the Economist's articles back to January 2000. Links to other articles and to relevant sources on the web are included with many of the stories.
EdITLib contains current scholarly research on educational technology and e-learning.
Emerald is a collection of scholarly journals in the field of management and business, with additional coverage in the areas of library science, information science, and criminal justice. All journals in Emerald are considered peer-reviewed.
Faulkner's Advisory on Computers and Communications Technologies
Faulkner's Advisory on Computers and Communications Technologies (FACCTS) provides in-depth coverage of information technology and telecommunications. This database contains reports, diagrams, charts, tables, and illustrations on all aspects of computer technology and telephony. This resource is recommended for courses in information systems and technology, as well as technology management.
GreenFILE focuses on the relationship between human beings and the environment. This resource covers all aspects of human impact on the environment.
Health and Wellness Resource Center
The Health and Wellness Resource Center includes approximately 300 pamphlets, links to journal articles from InfoTrac OneFile, and many encyclopedias, including the following titles: Clinical Reference Systems, The Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence, The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, Medical and Health Information Directory, PDR Family Guide to Nutrition and Health, and the Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. This resource is recommended for courses in nursing, health care, and nutrition.
Hospitality and Tourism Complete
Hospitality and Tourism Complete provides scholarly research and industry news relating to all areas of the hospitality and tourism industries.
IEEE Computer Society Digital Library
The IEEE Computer Society Digital Library provided by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE), offers 25 computing periodicals with archives back to 1988. Users will also find over 1,700 IEEE Computer Society conference publications published since 1995. Materials cover electronics, robotics, computer science, and telecommunications.
International Security and Counter Terrorism Reference Center
International Security and Counter Terrorism Reference Center offers information on many dimensions of security terrorism. Content includes hundreds of full text journals and periodicals, hundreds of thousands of selected articles, news feeds, reports, summaries, FAQs, and proprietary Background Information Summaries that pertain to terrorism and security. ISCTRC also combines deep background from scholarly writings with expert commentary from a variety of organizations, agencies, and publishers, as well as timely reviews of recent developments across the international political, military, economic, social, and technical spectrum.
Journal of Leadership Studies
The Journal of Leadership Studies (JLS) is published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., on behalf of the School of Advanced Studies at University of Phoenix. JLS is a peer-reviewed journal with an emphasis on leadership research and theoretical contributions that bridge the gap between scholarship and practice and that exemplify critical inquiry into contemporary organizational issues and paradigms. The journal promotes interdisciplinary and interorganizational theory, fostering dialogue that transcends industry specific contexts and that explores leadership's role in improving organizational practices and human life.
JSTOR provides a full text digital archive of over 400 core scholarly journals. The University Library's subscription includes access to JSTOR's Arts and Sciences I, Business II and Life Sciences collections.
Literature Research Center
Literature Research Center offers information on authors and their works, from all time periods around the world.
Medical Evidence Matters
Medical Evidence Matters includes therapy options for known medical conditions by comparing outcomes based on peer reviewed literature.
Medical Letter
Medical Letter provides access to independent, peer reviewed, nonprofit journals that give unbiased reviews on new drugs. These publications evaluate almost all new drugs and reevaluate old drugs when new information on their usefulness or adverse side effects becomes available.
National Journal
National Journal is a comprehensive database of United States politics, government, and public affairs.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database provides up-to-date clinical data on natural and herbal medicines as well as dietary supplements.
NBER Working Papers
The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Papers database contains original research from 1994 to the present on a variety of topics in all aspects of economics. This resource is recommended for advanced courses in business and economics.
Nursing Reference Center
Nursing Reference Center is designed to provide relevant clinical resources to those at the point-of-care. It covers topics such as conditions and diseases, drug information, lab and diagnosis detail and best practices guidelines.
Nursing@Ovid acts as a single access point for all Ovid material including articles found in the Books@Ovid and Journals@Ovid resources.
Opposing Viewpoints In Context
Opposing Viewpoints In Context includes the Greenhaven Press Opposing Viewpoints reference books as well as relevant magazine articles and other appropriate information sources. This resource is useful for research about controversial social issues and is especially recommended for introductory courses.
Oxford Journals
Oxford Journals is a collection of full text scholarly journals that provides access to articles focused on medical issues, the humanities and the social sciences.Prescriber's Letter
Prescriber's Letter provides clinicians evidence-based, peer reviewed drug therapy recommendations.
ProQuest Business
ProQuest Business is a group of business resources from ProQuest that provides global perspectives on a variety of business topics.
ProQuest Health and Medicine
ProQuest Health and Medicine, formerly known as ProQuest Nursing, is a group of nursing resources that provide perspective and information on a wide range of nursing and health industry topics.
ProQuest News and Newspapers
ProQuest News and Newspapers offers full-text access to over 85 worldwide newspaper titles. Coverage extends back to the first date of publication for all papers. For the most current issues of these papers, please use the main ProQuest link located under the heading General Resources.
ProQuest Social Sciences
ProQuest Social Sciences provides abstracts and indexing of over 1,000 titles. Resources in this collection contain graphs, diagrams, charts and other graphical elements.
PsycARTICLES is a database of full-text articles from 53 journals published by the American Psychological Association (APA), the APA Educational Publishing Foundation, the Canadian Psychological Association, and Hogrefe & Huber. Coverage extends from 1985 to the present.
RDS Business Reference Suite
The RDS Business Reference Suite incorporates three separate components: TableBase, a database of statistical tables drawn from a variety of sources; Business and Management Practices, an index of solutions to common workplace issues; and Business and Industry, a database of articles from trade journal and industry newsletters. All three are available through a unique interface that allows highly advanced searching. Please note that RDS Business Reference Suite is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy. This resource is recommended for intermediate and advanced courses in business.
Roll Call
Roll Call is a leading publication covering Congressional news and information. Roll Call provides up-to-the-minute news of the legislative and political events on Capitol Hill. The online version provides not only the full content of the print edition but also breaking news stories.
SAGE Full Text Collections
Sage Full-Text Collections is a suite of over 200 journals from Sage Publications in the disciplines of Communication Studies, Criminology, Education, Management and Organization Studies, Nursing and Health Sciences, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, and Urban Studies and Planning. All journals in Sage Full-Text Collections are considered peer-reviewed.
Security Management Practices
Security Management Practices, produced by Faulkner Information Services, provides full-text reports on topics as protecting organizational assets, implementing security measures, developing security strategy, enforcing security standards, maintaining relationships with law enforcement and other security-related agencies, conducting security audits, and other matters related to security for businesses and organizations. This resource is recommended for courses in criminal justice, information technology, security management, and technology management.
Books, Dissertations, and Theses
Books@Ovid is a searchable collection of clinical texts in nursing and health sciences from Lippincott Williams & Wilkinson. Specific titles cover topics in critical care, pediatric nursing, emergency medicine, pharmaceutical drug references, nursing research, and theory. The complete text of each book is viewed in an interlinked interface, giving quick access to research and reference information. While Books @Ovid is a searchable database of book content for in-depth research, the contents are not downloadable electronic books.
Business Book Summaries
Business Book Summaries provides summaries of the key concepts in the best business books.
Dissertations & Theses @ University of Phoenix
Dissertations & Theses @ University of Phoenix provides access to doctoral dissertations completed by learners at the University's School of Advanced Studies. For access to dissertations from a wide variety of institutions, use the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses - Full Text Link.
Emerald Social Sciences eBooks
Emeral Social Sciences eBooks offers access to a collection of over 250 volumes from over 40 book series. Subjects covered in this resource include environment, health care, education and more.
Forensic & Law Enforcement netBASE
Forensic & Law Enforcement netBASE is a collection of digital reference material focusing on forensic science, law enforcement, and criminal justice.
Info Security netBASE
Info Security netBASE provides an electronic collection of reference material focusing on information security, IT management, and IT auditing.
ITECH netBASE offers over 170 reference documents focusing on computer engineering, programming language, system development, and computer architecture.
The MyiLibrary collection contains over 150 ebook titles from various publishers. Though the content is searchable, these ebooks are not downloadable.
Oxford Scholarship Online
Oxford Scholarship Online is a database containing the full text of over 1000 scholarly books from Oxford University Press in the areas of economics and finance, philosophy, political science, and religion. Specially-commissioned abstracts and keywords are available at both the book and chapter level. This resource is recommended for advanced courses in economics and finance as well as electives in philosophy, political science, and religion.
ProQuest Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Dissertations and Theses -- Full Text contains the full text of over 600,000 dissertations and theses from universities throughout the United States and Canada. Almost all dissertations published since 1997 are available online with numerous older dissertations added continuously.
PsycBOOKS, a resource from the American Psychological Association (APA), is a database of more than 13,000 chapters from over 700 books published by the APA and other distinguished publishers. The database includes scholarly titles published by the APA from copyright years 1953 - 2004. New book chapters are added continuously 18 months after initial publication. Database content includes 100 out-of-print books, classic books of landmark historical impact in psychology, and more than 1,500 authored entries from the APA/Oxford University Press Encyclopedia of Psychology.
Canadian Indexes
Canadian Newsstand / CBCA Complete
Canadian Newsstand and Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA) Complete are two databases with a Canadian emphasis hosted on the ProQuest platform. Canadian Newsstand includes daily newspapers from throughout Canada. CBCA Complete includes trade publications and academic journals with particular emphasis in business, current events, and education.
CPI.Q, the online version of the Canadian Periodicals Index provides indexing and full-text coverage of selected Canadian and international periodicals from 1980 to the present. CPI.Q is the Library's exclusive online source for the Globe and Mail.
Company Directories and Financials
Dun & Bradstreet Key Business Ratios
Dun & Bradstreet Key Business Ratios provide industry averages for popular ratios that measure solvency, efficiency, and profitability. This resource is recommended for courses in finance.
Hoover's Academic
Hoover's Academic provides company profiles which contain company overviews, histories and rankings.
Hoover's First Research
Hoover's First Research provides access to an index of industry profiles covering over 700 key industries.
IBISWorld provides market research, economic, industry, and company reports. Market research includes full text industry analysis based on NAICS codes. Industry reports provide access to industry and company research reports for more than 700 industries; containing trends, statistics, analysis of market size, market share, and industry growth. Economic reports focus on the economic and demographic impact on an organization by examining external environment, business risks, and market opportunities. Lastly, IBISWorld includes, company reports on over 8,000 U.S. and global public companies; including 10-K's and key financial data.
Mergent BondViewer
Mergent's BondViewer provides access to a wide range of bond data including issuer, bond level terms, and condition data for U.S. taxable bonds, municipal bonds, and retail notes. Details include company description, offer amount, industry code, CUSIP and historical pricing, corporate actions related to significant events, and current and historical ratings. Coupon details include payment schedule, amount outstanding, interest frequency, and bond type.
Mergent Online
Mergent Online contains detailed financial reports concerning public companies throughout the world. This resource is recommended for courses in finance.
Mergent InvestorEdge
Mergent InvestorEdge features investment recommendations and comprehensive investment research for over 4,100 companies.
Plunkett Research Online
Plunkett Research Online provides industry-specific research portals for important business sectors. For each industry covered, available components include market research and trends, company profiles, statistics, associations/organizations, and a glossary.
ProQuest Accounting and Tax
ProQuest Accounting and Tax brings global and scholarly journals together that cover the past and present events as well as trends influencing accounting and tax.
ProQuest Historical Annual Reports
ProQuest Historical Annual Reports covers over 800 companies providing financial reports from 1844 to present.
ProQuest Snapshots
ProQuest Snapshots provides market reports for over 43 industries in 40 countries. Much of the information is available in color graphs and charts.
Country Profiles and Economic Data
Balance of Payments Statistics
Balance of Payments Statistics delivers vital payment statistics that cover total goods, services, factor income and current transfers along with a plethora of other data sets.
Countrywatch combines information from a variety of sources into one easy-to-use format. Statistics, breaking news, and overviews are available for virtually all of the world's nations. This resource is recommended for courses in geography and international business.
Culturegrams™ provides concise, reliable cultural information for more than 175 countries of the world. Each entry includes detailed information about history, customs, lifestyle, and government. This resource is recommended for courses in geography, history, international business, and bilingual education.
Direction of Trade Statistics
Direction of Trade Statistics provides data on the value of merchandise exports and imports between each country and all of its trading partners.
EIU Country Data
EIU Country Data is a comprehensive database of economic indicators and forecasts for 117 countries running from 1980 and forecasting five years into the future.
EIU Country Intelligence
EIU Country Intelligence provides in-depth coverage of countries throughout the world. Specific components of EIU Country Intelligence include Country Commerce, Country Finance, Profiles, and Country Reports. This resource is recommended for courses in international business.
EIU Market Indicators & Forecast
EIU Market Indicators & Forecast is a database of economic, demographic, consumption and industry data on 60 major countries.
EIU® Viewswire®
EIU® Viewswire® provides current coverage of political and economic trends in 195 countries. Risk analysis and economic forecasts are provided for virtually all nations. This resource is recommended for courses in economics and international business.
Euromonitor International
Euromonitor International is an integrated online information system providing key business intelligence on countries, companies, markets, and consumers. Components include country statistics, market data, lifestyle indicators, country profiles, and company overviews.
Europa World Plus
Europa World Plus is a comprehensive review of cultural, economic, and political circumstances in nations and regions throughout the World. This database contains in depth country profiles, as well as profiles of major international organizations.
Government Finance Statistics
Government Finance Statistics contains government financial statistics for over 145 IMF member countries. The database contains information from 1990 onward when available. IMF E-Library
IMF E-Library offers electronica access to a collection of IMF content that covers a variety of global topics.
International Financial Statistics
International Financial Statistics includes current data on exchange rates along with information about other international transactions.
Encyclopedias and Dictionaries
American National Biography
American National Biography contains over 18,000 detailed portraits of people from all eras who have influenced and shaped American history and culture. All of the content of the 24-volume printed edition is included in the online version. This resource is recommended for courses in history.
Britannica Online
Britannica Online contains the complete text of the prestigious and authoritative Encyclopaedia Britannica, as well as additional content from the Britannica Student
Encyclopedia, the Britannica Elementary Encyclopedia, the Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, the Britannica Internet Guide, Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, and Merriam-Webster's Thesaurus. Britannica Online allows keyword searching as well as browsing by article titles. This resource provides background information suitable for virtually all academic subjects.
Credo Reference
Credo Reference contains the full text of over 100 specialized dictionaries and encyclopedias in virtually all disciplines. This resource is appropriate for quick reference in all subjects.
Gale Virtual Reference Library
Gale Virtual Reference Library provides a collection of 300 full-text encyclopedias and specialized reference sources. Subject areas covered by this collection include art, business, education, history, literature, law, medicine, philosophy, religion, science, and technology. Users can limit results from the Gale Virtual Reference Library search by source, publication date, or subject area.
Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia
Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia features multimedia on a wide range of topics including current events and education.
Original Sources from Britannica
Original Sources from Britannica is a compilation of over 350,000 primary source documents, complete books and authentic images.
Oxford Art Online
Oxford Art Online, the online equivalent of the 34-volume printed set, provides over 45,000 articles and over 22,000 image links related to all genres, schools, and media in the visual arts. This resource is recommended for courses in the humanities and art education.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography contains over 50,000 detailed portraits of people from all eras who have influenced and shaped the history and culture of the United Kingdom and the British Isles. All of the content of the 60-volume printed edition is included in the online version. Please note that the Dictionary of National Biography includes only deceased individuals. This resource is recommended for courses in history.
Oxford English Dictionary
The Oxford English Dictionary is a prestigious resource containing not only definitions and pronunciations, but also extensive information about the usage of words over time. Over 500,000 words are included and their history is documented by over 2.5 million quotations from a wide range of classic and contemporary sources. The online version contains all of the content of the 20-volume printed set and is updated with over 1,000 new entries each quarter. The Oxford English Dictionary reflects British English, with spellings and usages common in other countries noted when appropriate.
Oxford Music Online
Oxford Music Online, the online equivalent of the 29-volume Oxford Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition and The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, provides access to over 29,000 articles covering all aspects of music throughout the ages. This resource is recommended for courses in the humanities and art education.
Oxford Reference Online
Oxford Reference Online contains the full text of over 100 specialized dictionaries and encyclopedias in virtually all disciplines. This resource is appropriate for quick reference in all subjects.
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy features over 2000 original articles from over 1300 leading international experts across the discipline of philosophy. The articles cover topics such as ethics, moral development, and the world's religions. There is a summary at the beginning of each in-depth article, enabling the encyclopedia to meet the needs of users at a variety of levels. This resource is recommended for courses in humanities, ethics, religion, and critical thinking.
Routledge Politics and International Relations Online
Routledge Politics and International Relations Online brings together reference content on politics and international relations for researchers, professionals, instructors and students.
Routledge Religion Online
Routledge Religion Online provides reference content on religion for researchers, professionals, instructors and students.
Sage eReference
Sage eReference is an authoritative collection of 70 full-text encyclopedias.
Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged
Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged is the largest and most comprehensive dictionary produced in North America. This dictionary lists over 470,000 words and contains advanced searching capabilities. Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged reflects American English, with spellings and usages common in other countries noted when appropriate.
Government Resources
Homeland Security Digital Library
Homeland Security Digital Library is a collection of open source resources related to homeland security policy with over 76,000 documents.
National Center for Education Statistics
National Center for Education Statistics provides statistical information on education in the United States.
National Center for Health Statistics
National Center for Health Statistics provides statistical information on health in the United States.
National Service Center for Environmental Publications
National Service Center for Environmental Publications is the premier site for accessing the United States' Environmental Protection Agency's publications.
Statistical Abstract of the United States
Statistical Abstract of the United States is the standard summary of the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.
Uniform Crime Reports
Uniform Crime Reports provides statistics on crime, criminal activity, crime prevention and police/law enforcement agency activities.
Journal Indexes and Abstracts
Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature is a comprehensive index of published literature in the nursing field. Please note that CINAHL is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy. This resource is recommended for advanced courses in nursing.
Cochrane Collection
The Cochrane Collection contains three components devoted to evidence-based medicine: Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness. Please note that the Cochrane Collection is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy. This resource is recommended for advanced courses in nursing and health care.
Criminal Justice Abstracts
Criminal Justice Abstracts, a database produced by Sage Publications, identifies and summarizes literature covering all aspects of criminal justice. Please note that Criminal Justice Abstracts is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy.
Directory of Open Access Journals
Directory of Open Access Journals provides access to journals that cover a wide range of topics including science and the humanities.
EconLit covers topics in all fields of economics including capital markets, country studies, econometrics, economic forecasting, environmental economics, government regulations, labor economics, monetary theory, and urban economics. This resource also provides a collection of more than 400 full text titles from the American Economic Association. Such titles include American Economic Review, Journal of Economic Literature, and Journal of Economic Perspectives.
Education Research Complete
Education Research Complete is a bibliographic database covering scholarly research and information relating to all areas of education. Topics covered include all educational specialties, curriculum instruction, administration, policy, and related social issues. This resource provides indexing and abstracts for more than 1,780 journals, 870 full text journals, 71 books, and numerous education-related conference papers. Education Research Complete is not a completely full text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy. This resource is recommended for intermediate and advanced courses in education.
ERIC is a comprehensive index of journal articles, dissertations, conference proceedings, and other research in all aspects of education. Please note that ERIC is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy. This resource is recommended for intermediate and advanced courses in education.
Google Scholar
The version of Google Scholar presented in the University Library highlights full text articles found within the University Library's collection. Google Scholar searches scholarly content across multiple disciplines.
JournalSeek is a categorized resource of free journal information available online.
Library, Information Science, & Technology Abstracts (LISTA)
LISTA provides an index of more than 600 periodicals, books, research reports, and proceedings. Subject coverage includes librarianship, classification, cataloging, bibliometrics, online information retrieval, information management, and more. Coverage in the database extends back to the mid-1960s. Please note that LISTA is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full-text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy.
MEDLINE is a comprehensive source for authoritative information on medicine, nursing, dentistry, the health care system, pre-clinical sciences, and much more. Created by the National Library of Medicine, MEDLINE uses MeSH (Medical Subject headings) indexing to search citations from over 4,800 current biomedical journals. Please note that MEDLINE is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy.
PsycEXTRA, produced by the American Psychological Association (APA), is a companion to the scholarly PsycINFO database. The document types included in PsycEXTRA consist of technical, annual, and government reports; conference papers; newsletters; magazines; newspapers; consumer brochures; and more. This database includes extensive coverage of gray literature relating to psychology and the behavioral sciences. Please note that PsycEXTRA is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy.
PsycINFO is a comprehensive index of published literature in psychology and mental health. Please note that PsycINFO is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy. This resource is recommended for advanced courses in counseling and human services.
ScienceDirect offers over 200 scholarly journals on various topics from Elsevier Publishing.
SocINDEX provides comprehensive coverage of sociology, encompassing all sub-disciplines and closely related areas of study. These include abortion, criminal justice, ethnic and racial studies, gender studies, marriage and family, political sociology, religion, rural and urban sociology, social development, social psychology, social structure, social work, sociological research and theory, substance abuse, violence, and many others. Please note that SocINDEX is not a completely full-text database. Some document listings will link to full text; other documents listed may have to be obtained from other databases or in hard copy.
American History in Video
American History in Video provides a large number of videos online for the study of American History.
Counseling and Psychotherapy Transcripts, Client Narratives, and Reference Works
Counseling and Psychotherapy Transcripts, Client Narratives, and Reference Works contains 2,000 transcripts of actual therapy sessions along with 25,000 pages of major reference works.
Counseling and Therapy in Video
Counseling and Therapy in Video is an online collection of over 300 videos on topics relevant to the fields of counseling and therapy.
EBSCOhost Multimedia
EBSCOhost Multimedia contains multimedia from a wide variety of EBSCOhost databases. Audio and Video Collection Audio and Video Collection provides multimedia content on news and current events.
Facts on File
Facts on File provides multimedia resources on a variety of historical time periods.
Global Issues in Context
Global Issues in Context provides information on today's world issues from a global perspective.
GREENR offers authoritative content on the development of emerging green technologies.
Health and Wellness Resource Center
Health and Wellness Resource Center includes multimedia resources on a variety of topics pertaining to health and wellness.
History Study Center
History Study Center provides access to a wide array of sources with information on historical topics from ancient times to the present day.
HW Wilson Art Museum
HW Wilson Art Museum is an image resource that contains over 150,000 art images from ancient times to present day and covering a wide range of cultures and artistic styles.
Medcom Nursing Video Collection
Medcom Nursing Video Collection contains current information on healthcare assessment and other nursing topics.
Primal Pictures Anatomy
Primal Pictures Anatomy provides images and 3D models of the human anatomy including regions of the body and anatomical structures.
Sage Research Methods Online
Sage Research Methods Online is a research tool that helps design and analyze research topics.
Test Guides and Preparations
Mental Measurements Yearbook
The Mental Measurements Yearbook, produced by the Buros Institute, contains listings and reviews of test instruments used in counseling, human services, psychology, and related professions. Typical test entries include descriptive information, professional reviews, and reviewer references. To be included, a test must be commercially available, be published in the English language, and be new, revised, or widely used since it last appeared in the series. Please note that this database does not contain the actual tests but instead functions as a directory and evaluative guide.
Testing and Education Resource Center
Testing and Education Reference Center provides practice exams for numerous standardized tests, including CLEP. Additional functions of this database include directories of degree and certificate programs in all disciplines.
Writing and Publishing Resources
Books in Print
Books in Print is a professional bibliographic database than lists more than five million in-print, out-of-print, forthcoming, book, audio book, and video titles. Please note that Books in Print does not contain the actual text of books, but instead functions as a directory.
Papers Invited
Papers Invited is a searchable directory of calls for participation from professional associations, universities, journal editors, and other conference organizers. This resource is recommended for faculty members and graduates students searching for appropriate venues at which to share their research findings. A variety of additional features are available to users who sign up for the optional personalized service. At this time, only users with email addresses ending in are eligible for the personalized service. Additional email domains will be supported in the near future.
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory is a directory providing detailed, comprehensive, and authoritative information regarding periodicals published throughout the world. It covers all subjects, and includes publications that are published regularly or irregularly and are circulated free of charge or by paid subscription. Please note that Ulrich's does not provide access to the periodicals themselves. Potential uses of Ulrich's include verifying if periodicals are peer-reviewed (also known as refereed) or identifying potential journals for submission of manuscripts.
Recursos de la Biblioteca en Español
These resources are listed directly on the University Library homepage for Universidad Latinoamericana and Universidad UNIACC users. All other students can find these resources by clicking the View All Resources Alphabetically link on their University Library homepage.
Administración de Empresas
Ocenet Administración de Empresas es una base de datos de recursos especializados en economía y administración de empresas. Esta dirigida especialmente a estudiantes de economía y escuelas de negocios, así como para profesionales del ámbito empresarial. Es una herramienta de apoyo al aprendizaje que además incorpora información útil para la práctica profesional como datos macro y micro económicos de diversos países, con énfasis en los de habla hispana. Esta base de datos concentra información de variada procedencia, ofreciendo una vision completa, desde el punto de vista teórico y práctico, de los temas relacionados con la administración de empresas y la economía. Incluye información de referencia, libros especializados, obras didácticas, publicaciones seriadas especializadas, indicadores económicos y diccionarios.
Ocenet Administración de Empresas is a database of specialized resources in economy and business administration. It is directed especially at economics students and business schools as well as at business professionals. It is a learning-support tool that also incorporates useful information for professional practice like the macro figures and micro economics of various countries-with emphasis on Spanish-speaking countries. This database concentrates information from various sources, offering a complete vision, both theoretical and practical, of the subject as it relates to business administration and economics. It includes reference information, specialized books, teaching works, specialized serial publications, economic indicators, and dictionaries.
La colección e-Libro contiene sobre 3,000 libros en las áreas de negocios, economía, liderazgo y administración de pequeños negocios en países latinoamericanos. Mientras que e-Libro provee una base de datos que puede ser consultada, la misma no permite descargar los libros en formato electrónico.
The e-Libro collection of electronic books has over 3000 books in the areas of business, economics, leadership, and small business administration in Latin American countries. While e-Libro provides access to a database of e-books to consult, it does not allow downloading of the books. (Books must be read online, not downloaded)
Enciclopedia Universal en Español
La más completa enciclopedia en el idioma español, la Enciclopedia Universal en Español contiene sobre 47,000 artículos, además de 8,300 fotos e imágenes. También provee un diccionario de 65,000 vocablos, un atlas mundial y cronologías históricas. Es un recurso excelente para personas de habla hispana, estudiantes bilingües y estudiantes aprendiendo español.
The most complete encyclopedia in Spanish, the Enciclopedia Universal en Español contains more than 47,000 articles in addition to 8,300 photos and images. It also provides a 65,000-entry dictionary, a world atlas, and historical chronologies. It is an excellent resource for Spanish-speakers, bilingual students, and students learning Spanish.
Fuente Académica
Fuente Académica contiene sobre 200 revistas académicas en idioma español de Latinoamérica y Suramérica. Esta base de datos ofrece contenido en texto completo en las áreas de negocios y economía, ciencias médicas, política, leyes, ciencias de computadoras, bibliotecología y ciencias de la información, literatura, lingüística, historia, filosofía y teología. Fuente Académica provee contenido de casas editoras reconocidas en todo el mundo e incluye prestigiosas revistas académicas como Revista de Arquitectura, Estudios Sobre Educación, Revista de Estudios Hispánicos, Comunicación y Sociedad, Revista de Ciencias Políticas, y Revista Historia.
Fuente Academia contains over 200 Spanish language, scholarly academic journals from Latin and South America. This database offers full text content in academic areas including business and economics, medical sciences, political science, law, computer science, library and information sciences, literature, linguistics, history, philosophy, and theology. Fuente Academica provides content from respected publishers worldwide and includes prestigious journals such as Revista de Arquitectura, Estudios Sobre Educacion, Revista de Estudios Hispanicos, Comunicacion y Sociedad, Revista de Ciencia Politica, and Revista Historia.
Noticias de América Latina (Latin American Newsstand)
Noticias de América Latina (Latin American Newsstand) provee el texto completo de sobre 35 periódicos tanto en español como en portugués de América Latina. Cubre las áreas de artes, deportes, asuntos políticos y negocios de toda Latinoamérica. Incluye ocho periódicos de Brasil, siete periódicos de México y otras publicaciones de Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Perú, Puerto Rico y Venezuela. Latin American Newsstand provee acceso al periódico El Nuevo Día de Puerto Rico, al periódico El Universal de México, O Globo de Brazil y La Nación de Argentina, en otros. Además incluye revistas regionales y servicios cablegráficos-incluyendo el servicio de finanzas Noticias Financieras-el cual se centra en análisis financieros, tecnológicos, de mercado y tendencias económicas regionales.
Latin American Newsstand (Noticias de América Latina) provides full text articles from over 35 Latin American newspapers published in Spanish and Portuguese. The topics covered are the arts, sports, politics, and business in all of Latin America. Included are 8 Brazilian newspapers, 7 newspapers from Mexico and other publications from Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Puerto Rico y Venezuela. Latin American Newsstand provides access to the newspaper El Nuevo Día from Puerto Rico, Mexico's El Universal newspaper, Brazil's O Globo and La Nación from Argentina among others. It also includes regional magazines and wire services, including the financial service Financial News, which focuses on financial analysis, technology, the marketplace and regional economic trends.
Medicina y Salud
Ocenet Medicina y Salud es un centro de recursos que contiene información especializada en medicina, enfermería y salud. Esta dirigido a estudiantes de medicina, enfermería y carreras afines a la salud. Combina diversos recursos de información para ofrecer una visión completa de todos los temas de interés para profesionales de la salud, tanto desde el punto de vista teórico como práctico. Incluye obras para profesionales médicos, obras formativas, publicaciones seriadas especializadas, protocolos de enfermería, atlas de anatomía y diccionarios médicos.
Ocenet Medicina y Salud is a resource center containing specialized information on medicine, healthcare facilities, and health. It is directed at medical students, healthcare facilities, and careers related to healthcare. It combines various sources of information to offer a compete vision of all subjects of interest to healthcare professionals, in both theoretical and practical points of view. It includes materials for physicians, teaching materials, specialized serial publications, healthcare facility protocols, an anatomical atlas, and medical dictionaries.
Universitas es una base de datos que contiene más de 200,000 artículos en lengua española, con contenidos específicos de todos los países hispanoparlantes. Provee información de referencia que procede fundamentalmente del fondo editorial Océano. Incluye además artículos de revistas y publicaciones especializadas, revisados e indexados diariamente por editores profesionales. Tiene una sección especial de fuentes primarias en la cual se incluyen documentos históricos originales y obras claves de la literatura universal.
Universitas is a database that contians more than 200,000 articles in the Spanish language, with specific contents covering all of the Spanish speaking countries. Provides baseline information which comes primarily from the publisher Ocean. It also includes magazine articles and publications, which are reviewed and indexed daily by professional editors. It has included a special section of primary sources which are original historical documents and key works of world literature.